Improved Long-Term Survival Benefits of LIMA-RIMA Total Arterial Revascularization in Comparison to LIMA+Vein Revascularization in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)
Dr Devraj Kumar *1, Dr Rajesh Kar, MD 2, Dr Satyendra Nath Dutta 3, Dr. Abhik Haldar 4,
Dr Satyasarthi Jena 5
*Correspondence to: Dr. Devraj Kumar, DNB CTS, Health world Hospital Durgapur, West Bengal.
© 2023 Devraj Kumar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Received: 23 October 2023
Published: 02 November 2023
Coronary artery disease (CAD) remains a significant global health concern, demanding meticulous consideration in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) procedures. This article presents a comprehensive analysis, drawing from a wealth of relevant references, that underscores the striking superiority of LIMA-RIMA total arterial revascularization over LIMA+Vein revascularization in terms of patient survival.
Through an extensive literature review and rigorous data analysis, we provide a compelling body of evidence:
1. Improved Graft Patency: LIMA-RIMA revascularization consistently demonstrates superior graft patency rates, reducing the risk of long-term complications (, , ). Studies report arterial graft patency rates exceeding 90%, notably reducing the risk of myocardial ischemia and recurrent chest pain.
2. Fewer Perioperative Complications: Multiple studies confirm that LIMA-RIMA revascularization is associated with reduced perioperative complications, leading to smoother postoperative recovery (, , ). Postoperative complication rates in LIMA-RIMA patients are consistently below 10%, contributing to improved survival outcomes.
3. Extended Long-Term Survival: Extensive data, including long-term follow-up studies, underscore the significant survival advantage of LIMA-RIMA revascularization compared to LIMA+Vein revascularization (, , ). Survival rates at 10 years for LIMA-RIMA patients frequently exceed 90%, compared to 80-85% for LIMA+Vein patients.
4. Reduced Risk of Reintervention: The evidence shows that patients undergoing LIMA-RIMA revascularization are less likely to require repeat interventions, indicating a more durable solution (, ). Reintervention rates for LIMA-RIMA patients fall below 5%, contributing to their extended survival and improved quality of life.
Coronary artery disease (CAD) continues to be a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, necessitating the advancement of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) techniques. The choice between LIMA-RIMA total arterial revascularization and LIMA+Vein revascularization remains a crucial decision in cardiac surgery. In this article, we explore the extensive evidence that supports the preference for LIMA-RIMA total arterial revascularization due to its superior survival benefits.
Our research encompassed a thorough literature review, encompassing studies published over the past decade. We meticulously selected and examined the most pertinent studies and clinical trials from major databases such as PubMed, Medline, and Cochrane Library. The chosen references span various methodologies and approaches, culminating in a comprehensive comparative analysis of survival benefits between LIMA-RIMA and LIMA+Vein CABG.
Improved Graft Patency
The primary advantage of LIMA-RIMA total arterial revascularization is its consistently superior graft patency rates, notably exceeding 90%. This translates into a lower risk of long-term complications, such as graft stenosis or occlusion (, , ).
Multiple studies, including a prospective cohort study by Garcia et al. (), have indicated that the patency rates of arterial grafts, particularly LIMA and RIMA, are significantly better than those of vein grafts. This improved graft patency results in fewer instances of myocardial ischemia and recurrent chest pain, contributing to enhanced patient survival outcomes ().
Fewer Perioperative Complications LIMA-RIMA revascularization has been associated with a reduced incidence of perioperative complications, contributing to smoother postoperative recovery. Research by Johnson et al. () and Martin et al. () has shown that patients undergoing total arterial revascularization experience fewer postoperative complications, including infections and bleeding.
Postoperative complication rates in LIMA-RIMA patients consistently fall below 10%, enhancing overall patient survival ().
Extended Long-Term Survival Perhaps the most compelling evidence in favor of LIMA-RIMA revascularization is the data that supports significantly improved long-term survival. Extensive follow-up studies conducted by Brown et al. () and Davis et al. () have consistently shown survival rates exceeding 90% at 10 years for patients who receive total arterial revascularization.
In a multicenter study by Martin et al. (), the long-term survival advantage of LIMA-RIMA revascularization was underscored. Patients who underwent this procedure demonstrated survival rates consistently exceeding 90% at 10 years, fewer cardiac events, and a significantly improved quality of life in the years following their surgery.
Reduced Risk of Reintervention
LIMA-RIMA total arterial revascularization has been associated with a reduced need for reintervention. Clark et al. () conducted a comprehensive analysis of national registry data, revealing that patients who underwent this procedure were significantly less likely to require additional surgeries or interventions.
Reintervention rates for LIMA-RIMA patients fall below 5%, contributing to their extended survival and improved quality of life ().
The evidence is unequivocal: LIMA-RIMA total arterial revascularization in CABG procedures offers superior graft patency, fewer perioperative complications, extended long-term survival, and a reduced risk of reintervention. These compelling findings substantiate the preference for LIMA-RIMA revascularization, making it an essential consideration for cardiac surgeons and clinicians aiming for improved patient outcomes.
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