Volume 4 Issue 4 ISSN:

Bioremediation of Bhiwadi City Drain

R Prakash *

Corresponding Author: R Prakash, Chief Mentor, OSA Enviro (P) Ltd., F-431, Riico Industrial Area, Bhiwadi.

Copy Right: © 2022 R Prakash, This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Received Date: June 27, 2022

Published Date: July 05, 2022

Mr R Prakash is an IIT Delhi Mechanical Engineering Graduate having passed out in the Year 1972.

He is running his Foundry Industry at Industrial Area at Bhiwadi-301019(Rajasthan)

Inspired by Hon. Prime Minister Mr Narendra Modi in 2014 during his clarion call for Swatchh Bharat, he thought of

contributing his time and energy towards this National Cause. He initially worked on Home Composting models for Individual Homes and then extended the same to

Higher Quantity which can be used by Individual Homes, Residential Community Living gated Societies and Municipalities across the country.

He is a Resource Person for National Center For Organic Farming,Ghaziabad.

After having developed the Composting Models, he then moved to Higher Value Addition to the Garbage and started working on Bio Enzymes.

 He strongly believes and advocates that Bio Enzymes and Composting can be adopted as livelihood careers.

He has also been teaching School and College Students the details of Composting and Bio Enzymes.

Contact Details of Mr R Praksh are as under:-

Chief Mentor:- OSA Enviro (P) Ltd.,

F-431, RIICO Industrial Area, Bhiwadi-301019


Bioremediation of Bhiwadi City Drain

15th December 2021

A project was planned to demonstrate the effectiveness of BioRemediation for Treatment of City Sewage as compared to Time consuming and Expensive STP (Sewage Treatment Plant)

Bhiwadi City drain is a strategic drain and because of Gravity, the ?ow of water is towards the Neighbouring State of Haryana and leads to

Inter-State Dispute. This Sewage City water is being left to ?ow without any Treatment.

Standard/ Conventional Water Treatment solutions are expensive and time-consuming. On the other hand Bio Remediation is a Ready-Made Solution and does not require Heavy Expenditure and can be set up in less than a week.

In the present case, the setup was Ready in Just 6 days.

The running cost in a Bio Remediation plant is also only 50% of a Regular STP

Pilot Lab Project to study the Impact on COD on Bhiwadi Nala

Project Initiated by:- RO, RPCB, Bhiwadi

Bhiwadi is the Flagship Industrial Area of Rajasthan and is responsible for more than 50% of the State Exchequer. As the Industrial Area Grew, the State Government, ULB, and RIICO created Wastewater Treatment plants as the need arose. Bhiwadi has a CETP(For Industrial Mixed Ef?uents) and some running STPs for the domestic residents.

Bhiwadi City has an estimated population of about 5 Lakh including Industrial Labour. These residents are scattered all over as under:-

In various labour colonies in the industrial area does not have any STP and this water ?ows without any Waste Water Treatment.

Within residential colonies developed by RHB and urban improvement trusts. Only a few of these have a dedicated STP. Balance wastewater ?ows untreated.

Residential gated communities developed by private builders. All of these are supposed to have an STP in house and be a Zero Waste Discharge. The majority of them are not operating properly.

On paper it looks that the system to treat wastewater is in place, however the status is quite different on the ground majority of the waste is domestic wastewater ?ows thru Open Drains and because of Gravity this water ?ows towards the neighbouring state of Haryana.

Mr Ram Prakash–a noted Industrialist of the Town and an Environmentalist by passion has been working towards a cleaner Bhiwadi as Chief Mentor of OSA ENVIRO P LTD, a 1972 passed Graduate from IIT - Delhi.

The bioremediation trials were ?rst done in labs and then subjected to Field Trials. The ?rst such trial was conducted on a waster water ponding near the DTO, Bhiwadi. This was carried out in the period 13th January 2021 to 3rd February 2021.

The following results were achieved: -

  • Reduction in COD 0f 87% down from 770 to 101
  • Reduction in BOD 0f 68% down from 85 to 27 (Copy of Report Annexed)

After the Initials trials of the ef?cacy of the process for the treatment of wastewater, a project was envisaged to provide a solution to the above menace and the main Bhiwadi City Drain passing through the Residential Colonies and ?nally merging in a Drain at Dharuhera(Haryana) Near Nagina Gardens was chosen.

Thereafter, in consultation with the Regional Of?ce of Rajasthan Pollution Control Board, two Locations were identi?ed for Sampling of the Wastewater.

Location A: Near CETP(As the wastewater before Treatment)

Location B: Near Nagina Garden(1200 metres from A)(As Wastewater after Treatment)

A sample was collected on 24 August 2021 from location A of the drain to test the water parameters. 

After the initial lab set-up, a regular setup was made to treat the running wastewater in the Drain. This setup was made in the Complex of CETP., Bhiwadi since the Bhiwadi Drain is ?owing by the side of CETP and for the purpose of control and Monitoring, the set up was erected at CETP, Bhiwadi.

Details of Drain are as under: -

The Drain is 16 Ft wide and about 6 ft deep running water in the normal course.

Further to measure the ?ow, this was directed thru a 2 Ft wide Opening in the Drain.

All other openings were closed and all the ?ow was directed thru a 2Ft Wide opening.

This also meant that we could measure the ?ow with an open Drain Ultrasonic Flowmeter

Which has been Installed.

The readings indicate a ?ow of around 30 MLD.

Thereafter two other structures were created to direct the ?ow and also another structure was created to help the growth of the Bacterial Colony.


In static/Lab conditions, we could achieve a reduction in COD up to 74%. In Running Condition, the ?ow is measured to be 30-35 MLD. During the above period, a 53% reduction in COD has been reported


COD Before

COD After 1km from dosing point


28th October 2021






Additional Bene?ts observed are as under: -

  • The stinking Smell has vanished
  • The Sludge has also been reduced

Way Forward: - The LUB or the concerned department may take up this as a starting point and initiate the BioRemediation process in all the Domestic Drains

RIICO may also initiate Bioremediation in various areas where the wastewater is ponding in the industrial area since all the drains are not properly maintained and there are waster water ponding at various places in Bhiwadi.

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