September27, 2022

Abstract Volume: 3 Issue: 6 ISSN:

Interesting Case of Uterine Serosal Cyst-A Case Report.

Dr. Manjula Reddy 1, Dr Osama Omran ²


Corresponding Author: Dr. Manjula Reddy, Al Qassimi women and children hospital, Sharjah, UAE.

Copy Right: © 2022 Dr. Manjula Reddy, This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Received Date: August 09, 2022

Published Date: September 15, 2022

Interesting Case of Uterine Serosal Cyst-A Case Report

Objective

To present a case of a cyst originating from the serosal surface of the uterus, to describe the surgical procedure, and the pathology of cystic structures arising from the uterus.


Case Report

38 yr old nullipara presented with acute onset of lower abdominal and pelvic pain of 3 days duration. She gave history of diagnosed asymptomatic right ovarian cyst of 5 cm, detected during a routine check up 3 months ago. Past cycles- irregular since 1 year LMP -20 days ago She had a past history of ovarian cystectomy done 12 years ago, side of which is unknown.

An urgent transabdominal ultrasound showed a tender 8cm x 5cm biloculated clear cyst anterior to the uterus. No vascularity was seen on Doppler's. A probable clinical diagnosis of torsion of ovarian cyst was made . Left ovary was seen normal.

Urgent tumor markers were sent and they all returned normal . Patient had a laparoscopy, which was converted to laparotomy due to dense omental adhesions.

Intraoperatively two sessile non communicating ,globular thick walled cysts each measuring 3cm x 3cm arising from the anterior surface of the normal sized uterus was seen ,which were much away from the bladder. Right ovary was not seen probably suggesting previous right sided oophorectomy. Left ovary and both tubes were normal.


Clear Cyst fluid was aspirated for cytology which was reported later as benign cyst contents. The inner and outer walls of the cysts were smooth and a glistening layer similar to a mucous membrane was noted. Both the cysts were excised and sent for histopathology.
Methylene blue dye test was done to confirm that the cysts were not connected to the uterine cavity or the bladder.

Subsequent pathological evaluation revealed the cyst wall lined by benign columnar cell layer, with the wall formed by fascicles and bundles of myometrium suggesting a benign serous cyst of the uterine wall.


Discussion

The case described here is an unusual case of uterine serosal cyst. Review of literature shows uterine cysts are most often intramyometrial including degenerated submucosal leiomyomata, and cystic variants of adenomyosis. Uterine serosal cysts are less common and very few case reports could be found in literature


Conclusion

This case report of uterine serosal cysts is a rare entity, the pathology of which is very rarely described in literature too. One could easily interpret these cysts as ovarian cysts unless they are intramyometrial..

Myometrial cysts are uncommon benign lesions occurring over a wide age range. Adenomyotic cysts are the commonest and usually present in women of reproductive age with MRI evidence of adenomyosis in the myometrium. Simple mesothelial cysts can occur but may be a manifestation of a metacystic adenomatoid tumor. Cystic degeneration of leiomyomas can present as an adnexal cyst but background leiomyomas are usually found. Other uncommon causes include congenital cysts (of Müllerian and Wolffian origin), accessory uterus and malignancy¹.

In conclusion ,uterine source or origin should be considered as a differential diagnosis when evaluating an adnexal cyst.


References

1.Case Rep Womens Health. 2019 Oct; 24: e00155. Published online 2019 Oct 15. doi: 10.1016/j.crwh.2019.e00155 Myometrial cysts: A case series Lucy J. Green, Tervinder Sokhi, Moji Balogun, and Raji Ganesan?

2. The curious case of the uterine cyst, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Carpenter, A.; Rush, D.; Moawad, N.S... Published March 1, 2017. Volume 216, Issue 3, Supplement. Pages S591-S592. © 2017

3. Protopapas A, Milingos S, Markaki S, et al. Cystic uterine tumors. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2008;65:275–280

4. Moyle PL, Kataoka MY, Nakai A, Takahata A, Reinhold C, Sala E. Nonovarian cystic lesions of the pelvis. Radiographics. 2010;30: 921–938

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