December07, Unitedkingdom  2021 

*WearMask,KeepSanitizeYourHands*

Abstract Volume: 3 Issue: 6 ISSN:

“A Rare Case of Parasite in ICD Tube – Ascariasis Lumbricoides”

Dr Rajdeep Dhandhukiya*

Corresponding Author: Dr Rajdeep Dhandhukiya, MD Pulmonary Medicine, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.


CopyRight: © 2021 Dr Rajdeep Dhandhukiya, this is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.  


Received Date: October 27, 2021

Published date: November 01, 2021

A Rare Case of Parasite in ICD Tube – Ascariasis Lumbricoides

Introduction

One need to be very alert to diagnose pleural diseases due to parasitic infections in any undiagnosed pleural effusion. Pleura can be involved with or without lung involvement. Amebiasis is remained common parasitic disease of pleural cavity by spread across the diaphragm from liver abscess. Hydatid cyst in lung or liver is another similar cause. Pleural paragonimiasis, pneumocystosis, Loffler’’s syndrome, topical pulmonary eosinophilia, toxocariasis, anisakiasis, hypodermiasis, strongyloidiasis, schistosomiasis, penatastomids, mansonella spieces are other exmples. On radiograph or autopsy incidentally, parasite can be found. But parasite in intecostal drainage tube is very rare. We found one such case. 


Case Report

37-year, male, married, laundry worker, tobacco chewer, mixed diet, admitted at ICU with chief complains of difficulty in breathing (increasing in severity) * 8-10 days, fever (initially low grade then high grade) * 2-3 months, reduced appetite * 2-3 months, weight loss * 2-3 months.

 

Discussion

On examination patient had tachypnia (RR 26/min), tachycardia (136/min), hypotension (86/60 mmHg), desaturation (SpO2 80% RA, 95% with 10 litre O2 support with NRBM) and reduced air entry on left side of chest. On blood investigation his WBCs were 47,000/cmm. On chest X ray PA there was left sided hydropneumothorax. So ICD inserted urgently, approximately 1500 frank pus drained. Patient clinically improved after ICD insertion. Approximately 1000 ml pus drained for next 4 days. On day 5 ICD stopped working and accidently removed. After reinsertion of ICD some blackish material drained in tube which fixed in tube. Initially seems to be septa or blood clot. On flushing with normal saline on our surprise it was almost 30 cm long worm. On microbiologically examination it was identified as Ascariasis Lumbricoides female. Simultaneously heavy growth of e.coli and klebsiella found in pleural fluid culture. Patient treated with antibiotics and antihelminthic. Tuberculosis was ruled out with sputum and pleural fluid reports.
 

Conclusion

To find whole length parasite in ICD is very rare. Three such reported case by Dr Lone, Dr Zamora and Dr Hegarty in separate incidence. And most of the time it is an incidental finding and chronic condition.

 

Reference

1. Lone RA, Wani ML, Manzoor M, Sharma ML, Lone GN, Shah M et al. “Ascaris through a chest tube: a rare presentation Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi” Derg 2010 Mar; 16(2):183-4.


2. Zamora Almeida O. “Localization of Ascaris lumbricoides in the thoracic cavity. Report of a case”. Rev Cubana Med Trop 1976;28:71-5.


3. Hegarty MM, Bryer JV, Angorn IB, Baker LW. “Delayed presentation of traumatic diaphragmatic hernia”. Ann Surg. 1978 August; 188(2): 229–233.

Figure 1